Index
Abiotic phase 4
Acetic acid 11-12
as substrate for PHB production 91
degree of reduction 62
diffusion coefficient in aqueous solutions 455
heat of combustion 104
heterofermentative fermentation 148-149
permeability coefficient 17
transport of 11-12,16-17
Acetone
acetone butanol fermentation 181-184
degree of reduction 62
heat of combustion 104
Acetyl Co A
in fermentation pathways 29
in TCA cycle 27
requirement for synthesis of an
E, coli
cell 25
Activation energy
for
E. coli
growth 262-263
for
K. pneumoniae
growth 262-263
for maintenance processes 263
Active transport: see Cell transport mechanisms
Adenosine nucleotides 31-33,99-100, 109-110
ADP 25
phosphorylation of 27-28,99,109-110
regulatory role of 31
AMP 31-33
regulatory role of 31
ATP 12,18-20,22-28,30-34
consumption in futile cycles 18-20,126,128
energy charge 31-34
formation of 25-27,30-31,33-34,110
in ammonia assimilation 155
in maintenance models 125-128, 175
in maintenance requirement 127
in transport processes 18-20,22-24,109-111,128
maintenance requirement 127
net yield
in EMP pathway 27
in the oxidative phosphorylation 27,109-115,129
in TCA cycle 27,63
pseudo steady state 19,33, 112, 124, 133
requirement
for synthesis of an
E. coli
cell 32
for growth ofi.
cremoris
129-131
steady state concentration 32,100
substrate level phosphorylation 26-27,63
tumovertime 31,124-125
yield on biomass (Yxaxp) 127,132
in A
Clausii
136-138
in aerobic
S. cerevisiae
fermentation 140-141
ADP: see Adenosine nucleotides
Aeration 481
Aeration number 488
influence on power input 488
in pilot plant bioreactors 515
surface aeration 495
using a nozzle 479
Aerobacter aerogenes
ash content and elemental composition 56
biomass yield on ATP 127
biomass yield on glucose and glycerol 255
growth on glycerol 249,254
maintenance coefficients 254
saturation constant for glucose 247
Allosteric enzymes 201,204
Amino acids
composition of and degree of reduction of 62
in defined media 129-132
transport of 12,16,129
uptake of amino acids 12,177,290
Ammonia
as nitrogen source 64-65
heat of combustion 104
production of glutamate by GDH or by the GS-GOGAT
system 155-156
thermodynamic properties 115
uptake of 59,274
AMP: see Adenosine nucleotides
Anabolic reduction charge 34
Anaplerotic pathways 34, 154, 156
Antibiotics 11,35-36,40
Antifoam agents
effect on coalescence 435
Apex : see F ilamentous microorganism
Apical cell: see Hyphae
Apical compartment: see Filamentous microorganism
Arrhenius plot 262
Aspect ratio 4
80
Aspergillus awamori
biomass yield on glucose 254
maintenance coefficients 254
morphologically structured model 303
Aspergillus nidulans
biomass yield on glucose 254
duplication cycle 301
maintenance coefficients 254
Aspergillus niger
10, 453
ash content and elemental composition of .56
citric acid production by 71
ATP: see Adenosine nucleotides
Attractor (in solution of differential eq.) 391
Axial diffusion 379
Axial dispersion 379
Azotobacter 24,92
sugar transport in 24
previous page 541 Bioreaction Engineering Principles, Second Edition  read online next page 543 Bioreaction Engineering Principles, Second Edition  read online Home Toggle text on/off