520
Index
Bacillus megatarium
biomass yield on glycerol 254
maintenance coefficients 254
Bacillus subtilis
290
single cell model 290
used in scale down experiment 516
Baker’s yeast: see
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Balanced growth 6,30-32, 119-120
Bingham fluids 498
Biomass
ash content and composition of 55-57
degree of reduction 61,63-66
heat of combustion 103-105, 108
Bioreactor 6-7
airlift 479
auxostat (definition) 49
chemostat (definition) 49
continuous stirred tank 47-53,352-359
design 2-4, 7-9, 45, 339-340,438-439, 512-515, 517-518
ideal 7,50-51,237,339-340
industrial 7,43-45,478-482
loop reactor 50,414-415,479,513,517
natural flow bubble oolumn 479
operation modes 342
productostat (definition) 49
stirred tank reactor 7,47,340-342,480-482
tubular reactor 7,372-379
turbidostat (definition) 49
Biot number 469
Biotic phase 4
Black box model
for growth kinetics 245-253
for stoichiometry 57-60,73-74
error analysis 77-88
limitation of 59-60,252
Blackman model: see Growth rate equations
Bottleneck 207
in aerobic growth 256
in aerobic growth of
S. cerevisiae
67, 256-261
model 256,274
Branching; see Filamentous microorganism branching
Brewer’s yeast: see
S. cerevisiae
Briggs-Haldane model for enzymes 191-192
Bubble
break up 432
coalescence 431,434-435,505
column 435,438,479,489
diameter 431-439,443,471,474, 505-506
mean Sauter diameter 431,434-435
formation 323,431-432,435
maximum stable diameter 432-433,435,437
rise velocity 471,495
Budding index 298,328
Budding yeast: see Yeast budding
Butanol 30, 129
degree of reduction 62
fermentation 62, 181-183
heat of combustion 104
Candida lipolytica
citric acid fermentation 156-159
biomass yield on glucose 111,254
Carbohydrate 156, 158,275,277
carbon and energy source 11
content in
E. coli
32
content in
S. cerevisiae
55
elemental composition 55
in a flux model 156-158
storage in yeast 294
Carbon balance 54, 58,62-66,68-73
Carbon dioxide 11
as carbon source 11,107
as electron acceptor 72
diffusion coefficient in dilute aqueous solutions 454
gas liquid mass transfer 453-454
gas phase resistance 427
Henry’s constant 426
permeability coefficient in membranes 17
uptake 18, 30, 68,83,88, 149, 158-159, 175,256-260,295,
425
Carbon labeling
13C labeling 163-172
Casson equation for description of fermentation media 498
Catabolic reduction charge 34
Catabolic repression 13
glucose repression of the oxidative system 256
lacoperon 279
Catabolism 12,24-30
in lactic acid bacteria 148-150^180
Cell composition 15,30-32, 54-57,294,298
elemental, for different microorganisms (table) 56
macromolecular
S. cerevisiae
55
Cell cycle
E. coli
290,323-325
in filamentous fungi 330-335
in models for oscillations 298-299
in single cell models 289-290,315
S. cerevisiae
290,294-297
Cell differentiation: see Filamentous microorganism
Cell membrane 12,15-24, 112-113,115, 126,160
active transport 16,18,23-24,115,195
facilitated diffusion 16,20-22
free diffusion 16,18,264
Cell size
critical 294,297-298,337
distributions in
S. cerevisiae
326-329
distributions in
S, pombe
319
in morphologically structured models 294
in yeast oscillations 297-298
Cell transport mechanisms
active transport 16
antiport 24
symport 23-24
uniport 24
primary 22
secondary 22
facilitated transport 16,20-22
of organic acids 18
of phenoxyacetic acid 19
passive transport 16,109
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