Index
523
Glutamic acid/glutamate 10,62-63,92, 155, 181
annual sales 10
degree of reduction 62
Glycogen
ATP and NADPH requirement for biosynthesis 32
content in
E. coli
32,290
in
S. cerevisiae
57
elemental composition 57
content in
S, cerevisiae
during oscillations 297
Glycolysis 25-27
analysis for different organisms 148-149,178, 181,184-186
Glyoxylate cycle 28, 154-158
Grashof number 443,459-460
Gross measurements error 86-88
Growth phases
diauxic: see Diauxic growth
exponential 246
of budding yeast 294,337
of L.
cremoris
130
lag phase 268-274
Growth rate limiting compound/substrate 245-246, 252
multiple limiting substrates 251
saturation constant values for sugars 247
Growth rate equations
balanced growth 6,30-32, 111, 119-120,367
cybernetic model 274-278
pH effects 261-264
population models 238-239,290,295,314-318,323-326
based on
cell number 239,315,319, 326
mass fractions 315
single cell models 289-294
structured 238-239, 251-253, 265-274, 278, 281,283-295
morphologically 239,290-295,298-299,302-305,310-311
temperature effects 261-264
unstructured 6,238-240,245-253
Blackman 250
Contois 250
for growth on multiple substrates 250-251
logistic 250
Monod 246-249, 342-345, 353-355
with maintenance 254-255,348-350,357,358
Moser 250
Teissier 250
with product inhibition 252, 345,357-358-
with substrate inhibition 252,345,357-358
Growth rate specific: see Specific growth rate
Heat balance: see Enthalpy
Heat of combustion 102
ofbiomass 104,108
of compounds 102-104
correlation to degree of reduction 10S
Heat generation 95, 109,494
in aerobic processes 106
in anaerobic processes 106-109
Henry’s law 52,108
Henry’s constant 426
Heterofermentative metabolism: see Metabolism
Heterogeneous microbial culture: see Mixed cultures
Homo fermentative metabolism: see Metabolism
Hyphae 300-301
apex 300,304
apical cell 303,332
apical compartment 300,302-305
branching 302-303,331,333
differentiation 302-303
duplication cycle 301
extension zone 301
fragmentation 331-333,338
growth of 300, 302-305,314,331-333,338
hyphal compartment 300,302-305
lifecycle 302
modeling 305
septum 300,302
subapical compartment 300,302-304
tip extension 300,305,331,333
Hyphal growth unit 300,304-306
Immobilized cells 323,359,456,466-468
mass transfer 456,469
population balances 323
Impeller: see Stirring
Imperfect fungi: see Filamentous microorganism
Inducer 279-282,286, 308-309,367
Induction 155
oflacoperon 283,285,288,309
Inhibition 15
of enzymatic reactions 189, 196-200,204, 207-213, 233
on growth by
a product 252,453
high biomass concentration 250
substrate concentration 252
lactic acid 307
Interfacial area
specific 427,430-431,433,435-436
of a cell 447
Interfacial film 427,435
Interfacial saturation concentration 51-53,364-366,379,427,
447,451-453
lsotopomers 166-167
Jacobian matrix 389
eigenvalues
and stability of steady state 390
calculation of 389
of (definition) 389
Kinetics: see Growth rate equations
Krebs cycle: see TCA cycle
Lactic acid/lactate
as a primary metabolite 37
catabolic reactions 25, 124, 129-132,148-150
fermentative metabolism 29-30,127
formula and degree of reduction 62
heat of combustion 104
in com steep liquor 40
inhibitory effect 307-308
production 10,40,363-364,410-411
transport process 16,364
Lactic acid bacteria 4,10,124,127,129
fermentative metabolism of 29
hetero ferm entative metabolism 148
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