From Cellular Function to Industrial Products
45
Besides application of these tools from the biosciences the design and proper operation of an
industrial plant for low-value added products requires a deep technical insight into many of the
disciplines that together makes up the science of chemical engineering: stoichiometric analysis,
modeling of reaction kinetics, transport phenomena and bioreactor design, and unit operations. In
this textbook we will highlight the chemical engineering disciplines that are associated with
bioreactions, we will give a quantitative description of a given phenotype of a cell, and will
illustrate how it operates in and interacts with technical equipment. A comprehensive treatment
of metabolic engineering is given in Stephanopoulos
et al.
(1998) or Nielsen (2001), while a
short (mostly provocative) account of the needs for engineering tools is given in Leib
et al.
(
2001
).
REFERENCES
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Henriksen, C. M., Nielsen, J. & V illadsen, J. (1998). M odelling o f the protonophoric uncoupling by phenoxyacetic acid o f the
plasm a m em brane o f
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60:761 -767
Ingraham, J. L., M aaloe, O. & Neidhardt, F. C. (1983). G rowth o f the Bacterial Cell. Sinnauer Associates, Sunderland
Leib, T. M., Pereira, C. J. & Villadsen, J. (2001) Bioreactors: a chemical engineering perspective.
C hem . E ng. Sci.
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Lengeler, J. W., Drews, G. & Schlegel, H. G. (1999) Biology o f the Prokaryotes. Thieme, Stuttgart
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Nielsen, J. (1997). Physiological engineering aspects
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Nielsen, J. (2001). M etabolic Engineering.
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Schulze, U. (1995). Anaerobic physiology o f
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Ph.D. Thesis, Technical University o f Denmark
Sjoberg, A. & Hahn-Hagerdal, B. (1989) P-glucose-1-phosphate, a possible m ediator for polysaccharide formation in maltose-
assimilating
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Stein, W. D. (1990). Channels, Carriers and Pumps. An Introduction to M em brane Transport. A cadem ic Press, San Diego
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San Diego
Theobald, U., M ailinger, W. Reuss, M. & Rizzi, M. (1993).
In vivo
analysis o f glucose-induced
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Theobald, U., M ailinger, W ., Baltes, M., Rizzi, M. & Reuss, M. (1997). In vivo analysis o f m etabolic dynam ics in
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Vaseghi, S., Baum eister, A., Rizzi, M. & Reuss, M. (1999)
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Verduyn, C , Postma, E., Scheffers, W. A. & van Dijken, J. P. (1992) Effect o f benzoic acid on metabolic tluxes in yeast. A
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